PAINTING FOR DUMMIES PDF

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Doug Lowe has written a whole bunch of computer books, including more than 35 For Dummies books Networking for Screenwriting For Dummies (For. Page 3. Oil Painting For Dummies®. in painting and. The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Drawing Cartoons & Comics for Dummies. painting from Kendall College of Art and Design in Grand Rapids, Michigan, I would also like to thank the authors of Pastels For Dummies and Painting.


Painting For Dummies Pdf

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Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, Art and Design, where she studied printmaking and painting. Watercolor Painting For Dummies® The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, thtonmonnixilon.tk and related trade dress are trademarks or. Canvas Painting ! Beginners Guide To Canvas Painting. Legal Notice: The author and publisher of this Ebook and the accompanying materials have used.

The first layout of the composition with middle values of each shape painted in. Then move to another object or shape adjacent your focal point and paint its rough shape with the middle value. Keep working around the whole composition blocking in all the shapes and objects.

Mastering Skintones in Acrylics Ebook

Here's some guidance on different brushstroke options to help you. Value Scale Source Adding Details to Your Painting Once you have blocked off all the shapes in your composition, step back and take a look.

Does it make sense? Did you choose good colors for each object? Then go back and make any needed changes to the colors. When you are happy with the colors, it is time to start filling in more details: smaller shapes and different values.

Start with the lighter values then move to the darker ones. Paint the shadows. Shadows should be of a cooler color than the rest of the object.

Note: Shadows are never black. The final painting, after all the steps finally I added details and highlights. Step back often and look at your painting from a distance. This will help you see the direction your painting is going and evaluate the values and areas that need tweaking or improvement.

What were you trying to achieve? Does it come through to the viewer? The goal should not be to represent something, but to tell a story, to convey feelings.

It might help to write it down and keep it in front of you. One of the main challenges for beginner artists is that the painting does not come out looking like what you had in your head. How our imagination envisions the final piece is often very different from the results on canvas.

It takes a lot of practice to be able to plan to know exactly how to render a certain effect. I love the idea of animal messengers and imagined what gift it was bringing me at that moment.

I realized its presence was not luck but rather evidence that there was an abundance of fish in my pond—the conditions were ideal to attract the heron. Of course it appeared. That might seem obvious, but I also found it profound when applying it to my artistic life. Give yourself an abundance of opportunities and offerings that welcome and attract creativity into your life.

Download your free guide on acrylic painting techniques today! My result your composition and perhaps change a few can be seen here in Fig.

Kind of to look at — it really helps. There are several Tip. I like setting my Size Jitter and Opacity works, right Fig. Just please stay away from anything that is not labeled clearly as stock or royalty free; people can get mad when their pictures are used without their permission.

Because most architectural structures have straight lines, and adhere to perspective.

Perspective is important even for landscapes, so you may want to consider doing what I am about to show you now. When you were standing in a street, looking down it, or even up to the tops of the skyscrapers — the street, or skyscrapers, seem to get narrower the further away they get from where you are standing, and the lines of buildings seem to be at an angle, too. Let me give you a simple example of the famous cube. In Fig. Now, in Fig. Instantly looks more realistic, right?

Eyeballing perspective works to a point, but is never quite accurate as our eyes love to play tricks on us. I am sure though, that size — simply adjust your line width. Select school and draw our own perspective grids. You have two options; lines, you need to put your pen down on the both are time-efficient and easy to use. This outright if you feel it takes a nanosecond longer works for horizontal or vertical lines. To to do that the first.

Select a color and putting it back down where you want the that will stand out well from your sketch and line to end — the diagonal line will draw itself! Now select the Line Tool. You will For some fun, you can even continue to hold find it under the Rectangle Tool Fig. The Line Tool Note: You can draw freehand diagonals with the Line Tool, change the line width and color in the Options especially when you have to be precise, as Bar Fig.

There are two types of perspective grids that come in useful for various things: These are probably not the official names for them, in which case I hope I will be forgiven, but this describes them pretty well anyway.

Transform, you get the same box around your the ground. Now Link all the Shape layers but not with your layer as you got with the Crop Tool: For this one, I suggest is a point at the horizon that all lines run to. In my example, check your Layers palette again: Select one of these two desired size. The vanishing point , not just because all you have to do is put your pen down on you may need it in a minute but also because if different tool. If you want, you can now merge the vanishing point and draw lines sticking you keep the Line Tool you will not be able to do the two grid layers.

Acrylic Painting For Dummies

You could of course continue drawing lines all around the vanishing sunrays, both above and below the horizon line Fig. If it looks just right, leave it where it is. This one sure that the horizon line on both your grid only uses one vanishing point although two can layers line up Fig.

This is great for painting rooms within a building, If you need to make one of the two layers longer or whole cityscapes, or even landscapes… to fit better on your picture, you can do this by www.

When touching the lines. The first option of placing a vanishing point We draw four lines, one through each corner anywhere on the canvas would continue with of the rectangle, starting at the vanishing point drawing a big X on the canvas, with the lines Fig. Now keep drawing lines that radiate crossing through the vanishing point, and then out from the vanishing point, one side at a time, adding the square or rectangle, with the corners until your canvas is full Fig.

I just find it easier, especially when drawing a room. Next up, draw the vertical and horizontal lines — in essence, bigger and bigger rectangles around your original one, with the corners always touching the same lines as the original rectangle Fig.

I suggest drawing the complete rectangle before starting on the next one, as this keeps the corners matching up. Remember that all vertical lines remain vertical, no matter what your perspective is … unless you happen to be drawing the leaning tower of Pisa, that is. And yes, it confuses the heck even out of me!

But it works I think Fig. When it comes to architectural structures, it is vital to stick to the grid, as otherwise you might end up with something that even MC Escher would be jealous of: Think of a structure in 3D, rather than 2D, as demonstrated earlier with the cube.

Never ever! But when just starting up with something truly wonky. Rather paint beneath it, either on your out, light and shadow can seem very Background layer or on a layer you add beneath daunting. When working on the base example.

We are now ready to add the first layer of your painting, starting with a landscape or of color. To turn this circle into a sphere, colors down on the canvas in blocks. I just urge you to not add a new it needs light and shadow. Imagine this layer for every single object in your painting, as circle is sitting in the sun in a desert, at The best brushes to use for this are this often ends up with a painting looking very around mid-afternoon Fig. If you the ground Fig. Things would change a bit my usual painting workflow.

Both the moon and the fire are light sources, but the fire is much closer than the moon is to the sphere, and so the fire becomes the primary light source casting some warm glowing light and more or less fuzzy shadows. The moon cannot possibly compete with this, but still has an influence on the sphere with a very light and ghostly hint of a glow, but not much in terms of shadows Fig. If the moon where the setting sun, the shadows from that light source would be much stronger — it is the sun after all — and overlapping with the ones from the fire.

Taking all this into consideration, we determine our light source for the painting and start blocking in the colors. I want the sun to shine from somewhere on the right, Instantly, we achieve depth, adding form to the the image right first before possibly wasting near the horizon, and so cast my shadows shapes.

Start accordingly. For the structure I add a new using slightly smaller brushes, and maybe even layer, because it will be easier later to work We continue refining the scene, ignoring small change the Opacity and Flow manually in the on it without disturbing the landscape Fig. By the way, if you make a mistake simply go into your History palette and either click on the Delete icon the little trash can at the bottom , or click and drag the steps onto the icon.

You can delete multiple steps at once by selecting any one step in the list, and then drag it and the ones below it into the bin — the ones below the selected step will follow automatically. Just make sure to never delete the very top step in your palette, as it will revert the image to its previously saved stage.

This however www. The moment you make just a single new brushstroke, the chance of recovering the deleted steps is gone … Forever. Use the same brushes for this as suggested for blocking in a line sketch.

Stepping back in time… And last but oh so definitely not least, I need change the Colors to whatever number of colors learned this time has stuck. It was quite a lot to to seriously backtrack all the way to the first you want. In the drop-down something that was brought to my attention menu of Forced, select None, and uncheck Next time we will be looking at coloring a by the lovely Lica Rodriguez on deviantART Transparency.

Two methods for creating chinese painting

Then set your Dither to None, too monochrome painting or sketch, adding to and http: Hit OK. And Photoshop CS, and this is how you do it: Color Table — another box will pop up showing this is where the freedom of digital painting will you your Swatches Fig. Save them. A pop-up go! Set the Palette to Local Perceptual , www. We will get back on track afterwards, and continue where we left off, checking out how to really work with colors and make colors work for you, different blending methods, adding things to your painting and changing them around if necessary, and using photos directly in your painting as often done in matte painting.

And there goes the painting — a perfectly good one — right the same time. You would do exactly that, using the same brushes and methods we The painting is of course still in its early stages, but it will get the point across.

In essence, you can finish a painting to the tiniest detail in out of the window. This setting one: The modes that I would recommend leaving it as it is on RGB from the suggest are Color gives you the most true-to- start. To colors very bright. If you already have several layers in your image, add a new layer on top of each one of those layers if you want to keep the layers intact.

Simply select a layer, and then add a new one. It will automatically be added on top of the selected layer Fig. This is easier when not using extra new layer s.

Now choose your colors and paint. Because of the monochrome painting shining through the color layers, there is no need to really think about shadows and highlights at this point.

To add some darker or lighter color variations, simply switch your Brush Mode to Multiply, Overlay or Screen, and continue painting, lowering the Opacity of your brush at your leisure. You can also merge each of the grayscale layers with its color counterpart, and then continue painting in color in Normal Mode with or without additional layers.

This same method can be used with color scanned drawings, especially if you would like to keep the line art.

This will clear the Background layer of the drawing and instead fill it with whatever color you have set as your background color Fig. Next, select the Background Copy layer again in your Layers Palette, and set it to Multiply in the dropdown menu. You should now be able to see through your drawing onto the background Fig. Everything had about as much flair as a dull plastic tub! In the first stages of your painting, that is OK.

You want to lay down the basic colors, or even the colors that will be a good base to shine through the ones you later want to add. But at some point, you will have to add color variations, lest you want to end up with the aforementioned plastic tub look, which seems to be a common thing and is due to just choosing lighter and darker shades from the same hue — or worse even, black and white for shadows and Fig.

You may have done this already before You may have noticed this effect when you highlights. Imagine works. For fun, you can also pick two random you can only learn so much. The first thing you can do is mix the the two. You can get some really wild but painting and paint them in blobs or stripes on a existing colors to get new hues and shades.

Try working color schemes that way. It works best if you have the this by using your Paintbrush and at low Opacity colors going from light to dark, or dark to light paint with one color over the others Fig. As said before, if it helps you, use references for colors as well, like photos of sky and clouds, deserts and stone structures — whatever you need. Try to avoid picking the colors directly off the photos, though.

Your eyes will never adjust to seeing colors for what they really are, and where they appear — often in the most unlikely places. Of course, this is a much more vital part in traditional art than it is in digital, but still saves you a lot of trial and error when painting on the computer. Just think about it: I just like the wash effect I can achieve with these settings, layering the colors and giving the whole image a more translucent look.

If this is not for you, and you little bit softer. Not too soft though, as otherwise often than not — but it can do some good, too.

Also, rather than just blending with the to a smudgy batik effect Fig. Sure, there In both cases, you may want to learn how two colors you want to blend, pick some shades are some things this is good for, like certain to blend the colors without making them all from the canvas that have already been blended types of clouds, but to make it blend colors muddy and having your shapes lose form — — it will give you a better transition Fig.

I like to use a speckled something that easily happens if you blend too vigorously; things become blurry and undefined. You can either blend with your brush as Another way to blend would be to use the tip, or otherwise textured and ragged.

Blur Tool Fig. Scattering is also manually adjusted — to as little or much as I want or need to get a certain result, so play around with this — and Other Dynamics is set to Pen Pressure. These settings give you a result that is much more appealing, while at the same time adding some texture to your work Fig.

To show some of the process, here are two screen recordings I made while working on the next stage of the painting. They show roughly 40 www. At this point, it may be a good idea to flip the canvas horizontally, to give you a fresh view on things. This is most important for portraits or general figure paintings, but also helpful for landscapes and cityscapes, too.

It can show you where your elements may need some adjustment. Therefore, when flipped, the composition is best left alone. To keep the aspect ratio of your moment. Or, simply click the corners of the box and pull or push them to the desired size Fig. You can also push and pull on the sides, but this messes with the aspect ratio of the item to be resized. You can also rotate the selection by clicking outside of the corners and turning the box — just like with the Crop Tool.

Here you can also adjust the perspective of objects, in case you need to. Flip the canvas back to its original state. If you do something like this to an object that casts shadows, those shadows will have to be adjusted accordingly. In my case, the shadows of the arch are painted on the themselves, but some of the sand as well. Then we paste it by either too. Now you can move and changed, and this can be done with either Edit transform it the same way as any layer.

Now go into your Layers Palette and merge the selections with the Background Layer or whatever layer they should be merged with. Looking at it a bit longer in fact stepping away from it for a night , I feel that the whole picture is too open.

Sure, it works, but not for what I have in mind. Too much sky, not enough looming rock faces. So I add to them by simply painting over the background. The sky itself needs to be darker, too, and so I paint over that, as well. After an hour of adjustment, we have what you see in Fig. By the way, if you are getting tired of into the painting.

And if you remember the simply for the benefit of seeing it better here, zooming in and out all the time, especially when overlaid Fibonacci Spiral, you will already know but I will have it in black once I start working on working on a small area to see what it looks where I want the figure to be, and there really the colors.

You can see I let the dress trail like as a whole, you can try this little trick: Closing one sketch the figure. I want it to be a girl, mainly a different composition can achieve the closes the other. So be careful! In any case, you because girls get away with wearing dresses — same thing. If you need references for this, feel To paint the girl, we add more layers beneath on, and see what effect your efforts have on the free to use them. I had my husband take some the sketch layer — one beneath the arch one you zoomed out.

Please forgive me for not showing Paintbrush to block in the first few colors.

How to Paint With Acrylics

Now, white is one of those colors — even though it strictly speaking is not a color — that can be hard to get right. Using pure white never works other than for gleaming, punctuated highlights, and even then has to be used with care. To get a white that works well, mix in some surrounding colors of the painting, which in this case is browns and ochre greens, and some blues as well.

Her skin tone will mainly be different shades of browns, with some yellow and possibly purple thrown in for good measure Movie.

Something you may want to bear in mind when painting people — or objects with a curved surface — is to adjust your brushstrokes to those curves. Rather than making straight strokes, try and follow the curve of an arm or jaw line or fabric fold. It will instantly add form to it. Reviewing the Painting Once More We are at a stage now where we can once again review the painting. To get to this stage may take you anything from several hours to several days, depending on your practice.

And it takes just that: If you feel annoyed that you can only work at a slow speed, keep at it, practice, and you will get faster the more intuitive the work becomes.

If you feel yourself getting tired of working on the same painting for days or even weeks, maybe start another one, and when you get tired of that, go back to the one you were working on previously. Besides, it feels great of the painting. So I adjust them once more, and this gives a painting personality, and with it, a to look at a finished painting and be able to say, also adjust the crop of the scene, which gives distinct style.

Your style! While looking the painting over, I still feel Note: Everything is there and a good thing to do when you feel stuck — go is very handy. Sufficiently reducing the Opacity discernable, but looks kind of crappy. I greatly grab a coffee with a friend, or cook or clean I and Flow manually is also helpful, as it will save dislike that stage, because it is so easy to just www. Sometimes paintings need hard to work them properly into your painting, use a photo of storm clouds I took recently to develop as they are being worked on or so I found out the first time I did it.

This is Fig. Alas, something may work out. However, I was asked to the expertise to properly work a photo into a demonstrate adding a photo, so here we go: This stage is also the one where you can painting. We open the photo we want to use. I already consider using photos in your work. Using the Move Tool, move it over to the painting. In this case, the best thing to do is to put it over the Background Fig. This whole thing would be really easy if I had painted the cliffs on a separate layer, as I could have simply placed the photo between the background and the cliffs, and thus concealing the edges of the photo without much work.

However, I only have a background that has everything on it. If necessary we can touch the horizon line gives the impression that Light layer Fig. Now we can see we still also lower the Opacity a bit. You want have some erasing to do, but mainly for the the photo to blend in with the surroundings. Being able of the photo overlapping with the cliffs, as it lets As the original sky is shining through to see through the photo helps me here the colors from the photo spill over to the rocks considerably, I smooth it out with a color I to see where the cliff edges are, and I Fig.

You can make the help of the Smudge Tool, as well as being those pop out even more by adding some the trees will not be visible later Fig. Once I am happy with the placement, I apply overpainted. And now the fun starts! In this case, I decide Pressure, but leave the Size Jitter switched off.

I then www. As photos often have some kind of grain to them, especially when resized, they need to be edited to blend into a painting better. Use a low setting to retain shapes, but get rid of the grain. It will give the photo a somewhat painted and slightly smudgy look. Depending on what you want or need, it can be left as is, or overpainted to give it some more painted definition.

Happy with the result, at least for now, we can choose to leave the layers as they are, or — if you find it slows down Photoshop because the image is getting too big because of all the layers — we can merge them with the background. For the moment, I decide not to merge them, but probably will once I want to work more on the background and overpaint bits and pieces here and there in the sky.

For now though, we can turn our attention back to the girl. Pick it from the canvas, and add it in some selected spots. It looks pretty neat to see it popping up here and there, and it also ties everything together Fig. We do the same with some of some kind of texture in there. Even when painting shiny silk — this used a speckled brush in Photoshop! Software Used: The moment we stop learning and developing what we already know, we start to stagnate, and to stagnate in art means to … just disappear.

This is very important as you will want to be able In this case, we need some marble, stone and to adjust the textures to your liking, and this rock texture to add a bit more realism, as well works best on a separate layer.

For once, no They are brushes made from photos — and as texture to the cliffs and the archway. There ready to be used. Of course, one brush would www. So manually change the size a few times the further you go along the cliff walls. Also, instead of one, you may want to add more layers as you go along, if you are really meticulous, so you can erase overlapping parts from the different rock faces.

Layers are necessary here because it is almost impossible to not go over the edges of things in some places, and you will want to erase those bits without destroying other parts of the texture.

Another thing is to rotate the brush here and there to get the angle you need to work with your perspective — especially when using brushes like these that have lines in them. This is very important!

Sometimes it helps to reduce the Opacity of the layer while erasing to better see We can now set the layer mode to Overlay Note: Median Filter to make it work better with your Sometimes you may need to Duplicate the layer painting style. Not too much though, as you will to get a better result, or you may want to change want to be able to see the texture for what it is. This one I want to look a bit like marble. Again, remember again from CGTextures. The final images — anything can be used to texture result is worth it Fig.

Just use your imagination! We just add a new layer over a look at the ground. This the background, stamp the brush on it once, really need texturing all that much, but a little bit time, no modification is necessary, as I want and then transform it in size and perspective of texture would be nice to compliment the well- the whole photo for my texture.

Of course, we to match the painting. We erase, as before, all those areas that stick out over the ground, set the layer to Soft Light or Overlay, apply the Median Filter, and there we have it Fig. Merge layers that you are done working on to reduce the file size. Just bear in mind that layers which have been set to any other Mode than Normal cannot be merged on their own without losing the Mode setting they are in. Also, they cannot be merged with another semi-transparent layer, even if that layer is set to Normal.

The results are never quite the same. Merging texture layers with objects such as the arch or the background works, so do it if you feel that Photoshop is lagging. Maybe you wish to add some detail or embellishment to the dress.

How about some embroidery or brocade? Lace, maybe? One way of adding any of the before-mentioned to fabric is to once again paint it by hand. This is a very time consuming process, and may not be to your liking. You could also use photos of lace and such to convert into brushes. Then simply set your brush settings so the spacing of the brush is in keeping with the length of the lace segments Fig.

This is not necessary for a repeat pattern that uses a standalone image Fig. There are two ways of doing this after adding a new layer. You can either set your brush to rotate manually and hope for the best Fig. The procedure is the same as it was with the rock faces, only this time we are dealing with fabric folds. Merge all the pattern layers.

Now we are done with this, the fun begins! The Liquify Filter Right now the pattern is flat, looking as if projected onto the dress rather than being part of it.

To make it look like it is part of it we need www. This can be easily done with liquefy using the Marquee Tool.

Now open the Liquify Filter This filter is almost a program all by itself, and Fig. As the painting is rather big, but we selected for this part. The Brush size depends only want to liquefy a small portion of it, the on how big or small a part you need to liquefy, so change it when and if necessary. And now you see the reason why it is important to leave the pattern spilling over the edges for this: The Liquify Filter can be used for all sorts of things, from molding fabric patterns to adjusting facial features on your character.

And as said, you can do some really funky — and also creepy — stuff with it. We can now erase the bits going over the edges and adjust the Opacity and mode of the pattern to our liking. We can of course also change the color by painting over it Lock Transparent Pixels and apply the Median Filter if necessary Fig.

The rest is detailing, like adding shadows: We should rectify that now. Make sure to keep the light source in mind, and how far the tendrils are off the ground Fig. According to that, we paint the shadows on the ground — preferably on another layer so they can be modified more easily without destroying the ground texture Fig. Photo Manipulation and Matte Painting We will have to leave the painting for a while now, as I would like to go through some other things that have nothing much to do with this, mainly for those of you who want to try their hand at photo manipulation, or matte painting.

And besides that, how did they manage to cut out all those small bits and www. The techniques are surprisingly simple, though they do take their share of time to get perfectly right, even for a seasoned artist. It may be interesting for some of you to know that I actually started with photo manipulation, back in with Photoshop 5, on a weelaptop with a shoddy mouse. It was all very rudimentary, but I think it paved the way for me to go into painting.

Already having gotten to know many of the tools was really helpful. Now, once again, Another way would be to use the Quick Mask there are several ways of cutting an object or Tool. Clicking the Jitter for the most part, as the Opacity Jitter icon on the right enables the Quick Mask mode. It may look like When it is on, it will tell you so in the title bar of you have covered an area you want to mask your image.

We could duplicate the layer, clear the background, and then use the Eraser to erase everything but what we want to keep.

This The icon on the left is your normal and versatile selection tool.Step-by-Step Wizard, or setting it up manually in the the colours seem a lot more vivid than they actually are, thus control panel. Sue 11 Apr Reply. If you feel yourself getting tired of working on the same painting for days or even weeks, maybe start another one, and when you get tired of that, go back to the one you were working on previously. In addition, drying this diluted mixture is problematic, since cracks can appear in the paint surface due to the rapid evaporation of the water.

When we are happy with our selections, we with a very Soft Round Brush. This means that the colours are lightened and no longer so bright. These settings is something you may want to think about. And when I say play, I can either click the arrow next to the Brush in mean play:

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Look over my other posts. One of my extra-curricular activities is amateur astronomy. I do relish reading books foolishly .
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