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People learn and educate themselves in the process of struggling for freedom and liberty. They attain their highest potential only when they are masters of their own destiny.
Colonialism is the only agency still trying to sell the idea that freedom is a diploma to be granted by a superior people to an inferior one after years of apprenticeship. Rizal does not advocate actively fighting for freedom and independence through people's action.
As a reformist, he advocates betterment of conditions under Spanish rule since, for him, liberty is not necessarily equal with independence. Rizal and the propagandists were the embodiment of a consciousness without a movement. He also believed that reforms, to be fruitful, must come from above; and that those that come from below are shaky, irregular, and uncertain. His idea that change should come from above is the clearest proof that he is kind of detached from what is happening on the ground.
He repudiated the revolution because he thought that reforms, to be successful, should come from above. The problem with freedom is that, once the people get a taste of it, it develops its own dynamics and grows beyond the control of the regime.
It has a life of its own. So, when the call for revolt was made, the masses embraced it. If Rizal cautioned the members of the reform movement not to engage in armed revolt, ordinary people like Andres Bonifacio who bore the full weight of the feudal rule of Spain would have reacted in a different way, the revolutionary way.
The more intense the experience of oppression, the more the revolutionary tendency intensifies. Bonifacio, in particular, exerted great effort to organize chapters in various districts of Manila.
If Rizal cautioned the members of the reform movement not to engage in armed revolt, ordinary people like Andres Bonifacio who bore the full weight of the feudal rule of Spain would have reacted in a different way, the revolutionary way. The more intense the experience of oppression, the more the revolutionary tendency intensifies.
Bonifacio, in particular, exerted great effort to organize chapters in various districts of Manila. A few months later, however, the Supreme Council of the Liga dissolved the Society.
The reformist leaders found out that most of the popular councils which Bonifacio had organized were no longer willing to send funds to the Madrid propagandists assimilationists because they, like Bonifacio, had become convinced that peaceful agitation for reforms was futile. Afraid that the more radical rank and file members might capture the organization and be unwilling to involve themselves in an enterprise which would surely invite reprisals from the authorities, the leaders of the Liga opted for dissolution.
The Liga membership split into two groups: the conservatives formed the Cuerpo de Compromisarios, which pledged continued support for La Solidaridad; while the radicals led by Bonifacio devoted themselves to a new and secret society, the Katipunan, which Bonifacio organized on the very day that Rizal was deported to Dapitan. Some authors claim that the reason Rizal distanced himself with the initiative was because of the insincerity of some leaders.
Veneration without understanding.
Unarguably, revolution was able to drive out the Spaniards.The deeper his commitment to the struggle, but the economic development of the people's cause in his own time as evidence by his period would have insured the same result. For an ilustrado, the power and talents of the masses to change their society and history is underestimated. Rizal may have given form understanding and a more precise evaluation of and articulation and color to the aspirations of Rizal as Filipino and as hero, we must examine at the people.
The Precursors of Mendicancy In line with their avowed policy of In a way, Rizal's generation is no different preparing us for eventual self-government, the from the generation that was engaged in our Americans projected Rizal as the model of an independence campaigns.
Tutelage in the art of government as an excuse for colonialism is a discredited alibi.